lunes, 28 de febrero de 2011
Normally he eats in the school because he go out at 4 or 5 o'clock. When he eats in his house, he eats rice with meat and potatoes.I normally eat spanish food and I always eat in my house because I go out of school al 2:30 o'clock.
He almost never goes out for lunch or dinner with his friends because they live faraway between they. Here me and my friends lunch or dinner together because here we live more or less near, bur only at the weekend.
He passes 8 hours a day in the school, he has subjects of economic and his favourite subject is economic because it speaks about their city and the world. In my case I have English, maths, PE, ethic, Spanish and history. My favourites are English and ethic.
He studies 1 or 2 hours a day and me too.
His family speak English, and other languages too. My family don't speak English, they don't know.
The religion that he practice is Catholicism. My religion is Christianity but I don't practice.
If he had live in another country, he choose live in Spain, he say that in Alcorcon but the thing that he like of his country is the cheese. I choose Canada or Britain for live and of my country, the thing that I like is food and climate.
In his house, he has own computer in his bedroom. I haven't my own computer because it is of my brother and my parents.
Holland is a Constitutional monarchy like in Spain. In Holland, the minister is Mark Rutte.
About the drug policy, he thinks that it is good because is a important factor that attracts tourists to Holland.
I think that it is good because is legal and them have a special palces for it, but I think that it can problems with other people that they don't smoke.
He listens soft rock. I listen all types of music. He passes with his friends 10 hours a week more or less when he isn't in school and he and his friends play football and he likes play the piano. I pass 10 hours too and I go to the parks and I play a instrument, the trombone.
He doesen't watch TV programs, he doesen't like but in my case I watch TV programs and I like comedy programs and programs for teenagers.
Nor he, nor me read books but I like intrigue books.
When he go out with his friends, he drinks and smokes like me.
The thing that he likes of Spain is food and climate.
We use socials webs, we have facebook, hyves and tuenti.
He hasn't any pets like me but I want a dog because I like the dogs and here in Spain almost all people has any pets.
He spend time with his family and they do things together, about 3 hours a day and he has more relation with his mother like me.
The 3 things that he would do in his life are: He has a windows for look the red light districts, he would join the marine corps and he would does parachute jumping. He want be psychologist or marine but he doesn't know if he will go to University. I would do: Have a good family and good work, travell to the world and live in other country and I think that I will go to University for to do teacher career.
domingo, 27 de febrero de 2011
He usually eats all types of food, but normally he is favourite food is italian and asian food.He also likes spanish food, because when he was here he liked all food here.In my case I usually eat spanish food, but sometimes I eat other types of food like italian or turkish food.
He normally eats with his friends because they eat at school and he goes out with his friends for dinner too.I almost never have lunch with my friend, often if we have a homework and in a special ocassion, at weekends sometimes we have dinner together.
He has a 36 hours a week, he usually eats in school because he finish class at 5 o´clock.Here in Spain I go to school 30 hours a week, we never have lunch at school.
He has biologie, maths, dutch, deutsch, earth investigation, history subjects. he´s favourite is history.I have maths, english, spanish, history, gimnasty and computer science and my favourite one is computer science.
He talked me that he studies 1 or 2 hours a day, I study 2 or 2 hours and ahalf each day.
His family speak english, my family don´t speak english but my mother yes because she was living in London.
He don´t practice any religion, I neither
If he wants to live in other country he choise French or Spain, If I would choise a country to live I´d to live in EEUU, England or Nederland.
Form his country he likes the rules and food and of my country I like the wether, food and my city.
We too have our own computer
In Holland they have a Constitutional monarchy like in Spain. Them Prime minister is Mark Rutte.
He thinks about the drug policy in The Netherlands compared to the rest of the countries that is good because is legal. I think that is better because If there are specifics sites for it.
He listen a r&b, rap, hiphop, pop, house music, I listen all typs music. He spend time with his friends 4 or 5 hours everydays, I spend time with my friends 30 minutes or 1 hours every days and at weekends I spend 5 or 6 hours. He likes sports like kickboxing,soccer,hockey. I like hockey too. He usually goes to cinema, discotheque... like me. He waths a comedy, documentary and action programmes. I wath a show, comedy and articles programmes. He reads a action and horror books. I read a ll typs books.
When he goes out with him friends they drink and smoke. Like here.
He uses social web like tuenti, hyves and facebook, like me but i also have a twitter.
He has a pets, 2 dog and a cat. I have a dog.
He sometimes spends time with his family 1 hour a week.I spend a lot of time with my family.He has a special relation with his brother, I have a special relation with my sister, is my twin.
He would climb a mountain, get married and have children. I´d get married, have a house and have children.
He would be a lawyer. I´d be journalist or interpreter.
H'll go to University, he will do a lawschool. I also want to go to University.
He eats normally sandwiches at home and he found strange that at my home we usually eat hot food and he told me that they don’t.
One thing I found very strange was that he ate the strawberries with bread like a sandwich.
He goes out for lunch or dinner once or twice a week with his friends.
He stays 30 hours per week in school but I stay 2 hours more, 32 hours per week.
He doesn’t have all the subject that I have; he have differently than me physics, chemistry, and German .
His favourite subject is physical education but for me, my favourite subjects are History, Literature and Latin.
He spends half an hour to study everyday as I do .
His family speaks all English as my family does.
He doesn´t practice any religion but his family is Christian.
I don´t practice any religion nor my family.
He would like to live in Italy.
I also want to live in Italy because I love the country and the language.
He likes the different cultures and the Dutch food form Holland.
He has his own computer like me.
Queen Beatrix and Prime Minister rules the Netherlands.
Spain is ruled by…
He thinks that the drug policy in Netherland is good.
He likes all types of music.
I also like all types of music, except opera.
He spends 8 hours per week with his friends.
I spend 7 hours per week with my friends.
He likes playing basketball and judo.
I like swimming, playing football, and handball
With his friends he usually plays sports and goes out.
I do the same and I also go to the cinema or I go bowling…
He wacthes a lot of movies, crime series, science fiction series.
I watch more or less the same as him including comedy and horror series and TV football match.
He reads fantasy books.
I like fantasy books as well but I prefer horror and thriller books.
He liked when we went to the stadium Bernabeu to watch the match of Spain Vs Colombia.
When he goes out with his friends he drinks.
He uses Facebook and Hyves as social webs.
I also use Facebook , Hyves and Tuenti.
He doesn’t have any pets but I have , I have a dog.
He spends time with his family but depending on what are they doing he spends more time or less
I also have time with my family.
He has a better relationship with his mother.
I get on very well with my father.
He would like to do in life sky diving , bungee jumping and go to the USA.
When he becomes an adult he wants to become a pilot.
He is going to go to university and he is going to choose the career of pilot.
I also want to go to university to study journalism.
sábado, 26 de febrero de 2011
This report is for show you the different and similar customs and things that I have with my Dutch partner and with our countries in general.
She eats obviously Dutch food but normally she eats vegetables. In almost every meal she eats potatoes accompanying the food. I also accompany the food with potatoes but not with all the food, it’s not so exaggerated. I also accompany the food with salad. In the case of my partner they also eat Indian food, because her father is Indian.
She no often goes out for lunch or dinner with her friends because it is very expensive. She told me that meal is chipper than dinner. I think in Spain in a lot of restaurants happens the same.
She doesn’t have an exactly time to go out from the school. Some days she comes out early and others late. I also have a different timetable, on Mondays, Wednesday and Fridays I go out from school early and on Tuesdays and Thursdays I go out from school late.
She has the same subjects that I have except Dutch lessons and music lessons; she has Dutch, French, Spanish, Music, Maths, Geography, and Gymnastics… She’s favourites subjects are French and Spanish. I also have French lessons but it’s not my favourite subject.
She told me that she spend studying 2 hours each day, I spend 1hour and a half more or less.
Her family speaks English because almost all the people in Holland speak English, my parents don’t know English.
She practice Catholic religion like me but I’m not go to the church and she goes two days a month.
She told me that if she has to live in other country she would choose Portugal because she has family there, Indian family. If I have to choose other country to live I think I would choose The Netherlands or Scotland.
She likes of Holland the different cultures that you can find there. Here in Spain we have also may people from different countries but I think there you can see it better.
She doesn’t have her own computer. I don’t have my own computer too.
The government and the Queen rule the Netherlands. Here in Spain rule the government too.
About the drug policy in The Netherlands she thinks that its good when is legal because the people maybe do not use it that often because when it’s illegal people will use it often because then it is exciting. I’m agreeing with her because here in Spain happens the same, maybe no with strong drugs but with the tobacco and other things that are not drugs.
She listens to R&B music, pop and also Indian music. I also listen to R&B but I don’t listen to Indian music.
Depends of the week she expends more time with her friends. If I have exams I can’t expend a lot of time out with my friends.
She likes tennis, badminton and table tennis. I don’t like sports, I cans see on the TV football matches but I don’t like practice anyone.
When she is out with her friends they relax, they laugh, watch movies and make photos. When I go out with my friends we also make photos, sometimes we watch movies too and we have a good time.
She watches American programs. I don’t see often the TV.
She reads books about love stories. I also read books about love stories but I don’t like so much reading.
She drinks sometimes alcohol with her friends. I sometimes also drink alcohol.
She told me that she would like to go shopping when she stays here. I don’t like so much shopping but I suppose that when I go to Holland I’ll like to go shopping too.
She uses Facebook and Hyves. I use Tuenti, Facebook and Hyves.
She doesn’t have any pets. I have a dog.
She spends time with her family and does things together. Sometimes I also spend time with my family.
She has the best relationship with her sister. I think me too, because I can tell everything to her because I don’t have more brothers or sisters.
Three things that she would like to do in her life are: New friendship, be happy and travel. I also want to travel and have new friends and of course be happy.
She would like to be a teacher in the future. I don’t want to be a teacher because I can’t stand children. I would like to work in the TV but behind the cameras.
She maybe goes to the university and if she goes she is going to do the career of teaching. I would like to go to the university and I’ll do the career of audiovisuals.
miércoles, 9 de febrero de 2011
martes, 8 de febrero de 2011
El informe tiene que estar colgado en el blog antes del 16 de febrero.
2. How often do go out for lunch or dinner with your friends?
4. What subjects do you have? What is your favorite subject?
18. What kind of books do you read?
27. Are you going to University? Which career?
lunes, 7 de febrero de 2011
domingo, 6 de febrero de 2011
By Ángel Cuartero, Irene Rubio, César Alberca and Gloria Castillo
Who live with you in your house?
Do you use to go out with your family?
How often do you visit your grandparents?
How do you prepare birthdays?
What do you eat normally in your house?
Where do you go in summertime?
What is the profession of your parents?
How old are your parents?
What do you do when you go out?
What do you like to do when you go out with your friends?
When do you arrive home at the night?
Do you use to go to discos or you prefer to be on the street?
Do use to eat out of home with you friends?
How many hours do you pass in the high school?
What subjects do you have?
What is your favorite subject?
You have one teacher for every subject you have?
What religion do you practice?
Who rules the Netherlands?
How many times you have travelled outside of the country?
What is the climate in the different seasons?
sábado, 5 de febrero de 2011
2.What type of music do you like?
3.Do you go out in week-ends?
4.Do you like sports?
5.At what time do you finished school?
6.Your house is near your school?
7. At what time do you wake up to go to school?
8.Do you watch TV in the evening?
9.Have you got any pet?
10.Do you like dogs?
11.Do you like to go to the cinema?
12.Do you like photographs?
13.What do you usually do in the summer?
14.Have you got any brother or sister?
15.Have you ever been in Spain?
16.At what time do you usually go to bed?
17.What is your favourite food?
18.Do you read books in your free time?
19.Can you swim?
20.Do you like shopping?
1. How old are you?
2. How are your parents' names?
3. Have you got any brother or sister?How old are them?
4. Do you have any pet at your house?
5. Do you live in a big or in a small house?
6. What time do you get up?
7. What time do you go to bed?
8. Until what time are you allowed to leave home?
9. Are you going to school by car, bycicle or on foot?
10. How many subjects have you got at school?
11. What would you like to do when you are in Spain?
12. What time do you have breakfast, lunch or dinner?
13. What kind of food you do not like?
14. What do you do in your free time?
18. Who is your best friend?
19. Do you have girlfriend or boyfriend?
20. Where are you go usually with your friends at weekends?
2-At what time do you enter to the school?
3-How many subjects have you got at school?
4-At what time do you have dinner?
5-Do you like sports?
6-How much time do you spend with your friends during the weekend?
7-Where do you go with your friends usually?
8-What type of books do you like?
9-Do you have any pet in your house?
10-Which is the work of your parents?
11-Do you have any brother or sister? How old are them?
12-Do you live in a big or in a small house?
13-Do you have boyfriend or girlfiend?
14-¿What would you like to be when you become an adult?
15-How old your parents are?
16-What type of music do you listen to?
17-Do you like to go to the discotheque?
18- Where do you usually go during the summer holidays?
19-At what time do you go to bed?
20-How much time do you spend with your family? Which what member of your family do you have a better relationship?
viernes, 4 de febrero de 2011
Julius Caesar found the low-lying Netherlands inhabited by Germanic tribes, the Nervii, Frisii, and Batavi. The Batavi on the Roman frontier did not submit to Rome's rule until 13 BC., and then only as allies.
The Franks controlled the region from the 4th to the 8th century, and it became part of Charlemagne's empire in the 8th and 9th centuries. The area later passed into the hands of Burgundy and the Austrian Hapsburgs and finally, in the 16th century, came under Spanish rule.
When Philip II of Spain suppressed political liberties and the growing Protestant movement in the Netherlands, a revolt led by William of Orange broke out in 1568. Under the Union of Utrecht (1579), the seven northern provinces became the United Provinces of the Netherlands. War between the United Provinces and Spain continued into the 17th century but in 1648 Spain finally recognized Dutch independence.
The Dutch East India Company was established in 1602, and by the end of the 17th century, Holland was one of the great sea and colonial powers of Europe.
The nation's independence was not completely established until after the Thirty Years' War (1618–1648), when the country's rise as a commercial and maritime power began. In 1688, the English Parliament invited William of Orange, stadtholder, and his wife, Mary Stuart, to rule England as William III and Mary II. William then used the combined resources of England and the Netherlands to wage war on Louis XIV's France. In 1814, all the provinces of Holland and Belgium were merged into one kingdom, but in 1830 the southern provinces broke away to form the kingdom of Belgium. A liberal constitution was adopted by the Netherlands in 1848. The country remained neutral during World War I. Germany's invasion of the country beginning in 1940 resulted in the Royal Family fleeing to safety in England for the duration of the War. The occupation caused severe damage to the country and the post-war period was difficult. The Netherlands lost Indonesia and had to work at reorganizing the country's economy. It participated in the "economic miracle" that transformed Europe's economic structure. Stable and successful, the netherlands continues to play a key role in European affairs.
The Netherlands is in the north-western Europe. Netherlands borders the North Sea to the south with Belgium and East Germany. With its 41,526 km2, the Netherlands is a bit larger than Belgium, thee capital of the Netherland is Amsterdam.The Netherlands is a geographically low-lying country, with about 25% of its area and 21% of its population located below sea leve.
• The country is divided into two main parts by three large rivers, the Rhine(Rijn) and its main distributaries, the Waal and the Meuse (Maas). These rivers functioned as a natural barrier between earlier fiefdoms and hence created traditionally a cultural divide.
• Over the centuries, the Dutch coastline has changed considerably as a result of human intervention and natural disasters.
• The Netherlands is one of the countries that may suffer most from climate change. Not only is the rising sea a problem, but also erratic weather patterns may cause the rivers to overflow.
• The Netherlands has 20 national parks and hundreds of other nature reserves. Most are owned by Staatsbosbeheer and Natuurmonumentenand include lakes, heathland, woods, dunes and other habitats.
• Parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarch.
• The monarch: Beatrix
• Prime Minister: Mark Rutte
• The Netherlands has a very strong economy and has been playing a special role in the European economy for many centuries. Since the 16th century, shipping, fishing, trade, and banking have been leading sectors of the Dutch economy. The Netherlands is one of the world's 10 leading exporting countries. Foodstuffs form the largest industrial sector. Other major industries include chemicals, metallurgy, machinery, electrical, goods and tourism.
• The Netherlands' location gives it prime access to markets in the UK and Germany, with the port of Rotterdam being the largest port in Europe. Other important parts of the economy are international trade
In the year 1554, an Austrian ambassador, wanted to know the name of an unknown flower that was holding in the turban of a man. He asked him, the man, thought that he was referring to the turban, and said to him that it was called tülbent instead of lale. So this is how the tulipan’s name came to Europe. Years later, the Dutch became obsessed with tulipans, which made it the emblem of Holland.
Culture in Holland is very varied and diverse. We have to take in account the high number of museums, which made Holland, the country with the highest museum density in the world. Also these museums are full of important famous Dutch painters, such as van Gogh, Rembrandt and Veermer.
Things you got to know about Holland:
Dutch is the national language of Holland; English is spoken by almost everyone. In addition, many Dutch people speak German and French. Like 21 million people speak Dutch and we have to add a Dutch dialect spoken in the north of France.
40% of its population have no religious faiths, 30% is made up of Roman Catholics, 20% of protestant and 10% of others.
In gastronomy, Holland is well known about his famous cheese.
Holland is considered one of the most liberal countries in the world and one of the most beautiful.
• Is the capital and largest city of the Netherlands, with an urban population of 1,364,422 and a metropolitan population of 2,158,372. The city is in the province of North Holland in the west of the country.
• The city is the financial and cultural capital of the Netherlands.
• During the later part of the 16th century Amsterdam's Rederijkerskamer (Chamber of Rhetoric) organized contests between different Chambers in the reading of poetry and drama. In 1638, Amsterdam opened its first theatre. Ballet performances were given in this theatre as early as 1642.
• Amsterdam is famous for its vibrant and diverse nightlife. The two main nightlife areas are the Leidseplein and the Rembrandtplein.
• Amsterdam has many cafes. They range from large and modern to small and cozy. The typical Bruine Kroeg (brown cafe) breathe a more old fashioned atmosphere with dimmed lights, candles, and somewhat older clientele. Most cafes have terraces in summertime. A common sight on the Leidseplein during summer is a square full of terraces packed with people drinking beer or wine.
2- How many subjects are you doing this year?
3- Do you do extra activites after school?
4- How many of you are there in your family?
5- Do you have meny pets?
6- What do your parents do?
7- Do you live in a typical Dutch house or in a flat?
8- What do you usually do in your leisure time with your friends?
9- What time do you usually gey back home at weekends?
10- How do you usually go to school?
11-At what age do Dutch get their draving licence?
12- Do you like sports?
13- Do you like parties?
14- Can you smoke in school?
15- Where do you usully go with your friends?
16- Do you like dancing and learning new rhythms?
17- What kind of movies do you like?
18- What does your family do when you gather together?
19- What is the most popular sport in your country?
20- If you go abroad to the nearby contries, which one is your favourite?
jueves, 3 de febrero de 2011
Since the revolt of the sixteenth century, Holland is often confused with the Dutch nation, which is most important.
Holland, born late medieval county of the disintegration of the Carolingian Empire and the Norman invasions, was part of the Lorraine, annexed kingdom definitely the Germanic empire in 925. After passing, the late Middle Ages, at the hands of the Dukes of Burgundy and then to the Habsburgs, the county developed during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries a province of the Dutch republic. Under the Batavian Republic (1795-1810), the province of Holland, dismembered at first, forms a central department. Subdivided, the department gave its name to the kingdom up to Louis Bonaparte (1806-1810). The existence in the Netherlands of the Dutch provinces, a southern and a northern branch extends the department created by the French nation.
GEOGRAPHY IN HOLLAND
The country is part of the great plain of north-western Europe. North and west, Netherlands borders the North Sea to the south with Belgium and East Germany. With its 41,526 km2, the Netherlands is a bit larger than Belgium and about nine times less than Germany.
The very name of the Netherlands, which also gives Netherlands (Nederland, in which nether end means low land country) indicates its particular geographical location. The highest point, the Vaalserberg, lies in the extreme southeast, to 321 meters above sea level. In the North and West there are many regions on lower level than sea level, in total more than a quarter of the country is in this situation. The lowest point is 6.70 meters under sea level and is in a polder (reclaimed land, drained and devoted to agriculture) near Rotterdam.
Although the official name of the nation is the Kingdom of the Netherlands and abroad, and particularly in Spanish-speaking countries, the country is better known by the name Holland. However, in reality this term refers only to the two provinces of the east coast, the South Holland and North Holland, which played an important role in Dutch history.
The Netherlands is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system. The head of state is Queen Beatrix. This together with the ministers represent the Crown.
-The Royal Family
The royal house is the House of Orange-Nassau, which is linked to the Netherlands from the sixteenth century. The founder of the dynasty is the Prince William of Orange (1533-1584). The current head of state is Queen Beatrix (born 1938) is married to Prince Claus of the Netherlands, Jonkheer van Amsberg (born 1926). This royal couple have three sons: Prince Willem-Alexander (born in 1967 and heir to the Crown with the title "Prince of Orange from 1980, are also the chief Johan Friso (1968) and Prince Constantine (1969). The Royalty is inherited by both male and female line, in order of birth.
Under the terms of the Constitution, the King is inviolable, the ministers are accountable to Parliament. When a bill, the State Council issued an opinion on the matter, after which the Parliament to approve the project. Once approved by the Queen and the sign makers, after which the force of law.
Parliament consists of two chambers. The First Chamber (Senate) has 75 members elected indirectly by members of the provincial states. The Second Chamber has 150 members, elected by direct vote for the Dutch electorate, that is, by all Dutch citizens over 18 years. Parliament is next to the King and the ministers the legislature, while the executive is formed by the Queen and ministers.
-The State Council
The State Council is the supreme advisory body, which must be heard with every bill. The Head of State, for the dignity of his office, is president of the Council, which also has a deputy chairman and 28 members at most.
Netherlands due to its geographical location in the heart of Western Europe, enjoys a favourable position. In a radius of 500 miles, home to about 360 million people. And in this area is concentrated the major European industries. The Dutch economy, which is largely oriented towards trade and transportation sectors, must necessarily go abroad. Its geographical location has also led to the Netherlands was a country eminently suitable for the establishment of industries. Many international companies have established major distribution centers in Europe in the Netherlands. Many production companies that depend on sea transport of large quantities of raw materials choose Holland to establish a headquarters. On the other hand, there are also many other factors that make it attractive for Dutch production companies: an excellent supply industry, its favourable climate for business and a labour market that has high-level personnel. No wonder, then, are established in the Netherlands many multinational companies and research laboratories.
The population of the Netherlands was estimated to be 15,892,237 in July of 2000. In 2000, the nation's population growth rate was 0.57 percent. The birth rate was 12.12 births per 1,000 people. The fertility rate was 1.64 children born per woman, which is below the replacement level. However, a large number of immigrants move to the Netherlands each year. The average life expectancy for males in the Netherlands is 75.4 years and 81.28 years for females.
The majority of the people of the Netherlands are of Dutch ancestry (91 percent). The Dutch are primarily of Germanic and Gallo-Celtic origins. The remaining 9 percent of the population is split between people of Moroccan, Turkish, and Surinamese backgrounds.
Dutch is the official language of the nation, but English is also widely spoken. The population is highly educated and skilled. There is mandatory education through age 16 and the literacy rate is near 100 percent.
''Holland's culture is varied and lively. Dutch people themselves take immense delight in their cultural heritage. Arts of every form flourish in Holland. When it comes to culture, the country is possibly most renowned for its painters who were amongst the greatest in the world. The 19th and 20th centuries witnessed the emergence of artists such as Vincent van Gogh and Pieter Cornelis Mondrian.
Holland has exceptional museums and a remarkable variety of classical and innovative music and theatre. In Holland, major international arts festivals are held every year. The Holland Festival, held in Amsterdam in June every year, is an internationally distinguished music festival. Holland culture is also famed for other reasons. It has produced many great philosophers, astronomers, writers and mathematicians.
Dutch architecture is also a distinguished feature. Holland has six monuments on the World Heritage List. Cheese is another important product that has become a hallmark of Dutch culture.
Holanda es uno de los países más pequeños del mundo, con una superficie de 41.864 km2 y 16 millones de habitantes. Aunque Holanda es un país muy llano, es también un país muy sorprendente. Un país en el que, desde hace siglos, conviven diversas culturas, en el que florecen tanto el arte como la ciencia, pero también un país de vacas y de flores. Una cuarta parte de Holanda se encuentra bajo el nivel del mar.
El Reino de los Países Bajos consta de los Países Bajos y las islas en el Caribe: las Antillas Neerlandesas y Aruba. Junto al nombre oficial de Países Bajos, se suele utilizar mucho la denominación Holanda. Pero esta denominación es, en realidad, el nombre de las dos provincias costeras occidentales, Holanda Meridional y Holanda Septentrional, que han desempeñado un papel importante en la historia.
Desde principios del siglo XIX, bajo el reinado de Luis Napoleón, Amsterdam fue declarada capital del reino y todavía lo es. La Haya es la sede del gobierno y el lugar de residencia de la Reina Beatriz.
Actualmente, Holanda cuenta con 12 provincias: Groninga, Frisia, Drenthe, Overijssel, Güeldres, Utrecht, Holanda Meridional, Holanda Septentrional, Zelanda, Brabante del Norte, Limburgo y Flevoland.
¿Holanda o Países Bajos? En realidad, Holanda es solamente una de las provincias que componen los Países Bajos. ha llevado la mayor parte del peso histórico, político y cultural del país, ya desde finales de la Edad Media.En ella se concentra gran parte de la población y las grandes ciudades (Amsterdam, La Haya, Rotterdam).
De todas formas, el nombre de Países Bajos, englobaba en su origen a las 17 Provincias, incluyendo parte de lo que ahora es actualmente Bélgica.
Curiosidades.Holanda clásica y típica:Una de las cosas más típicas de Holanda son las bicicletas debido a que Holanda es el país mejor adaptado a la bicicleta, encontraremos rutas para seguir en bicicleta claramente marcadas.Otro aspecto importante es que Holanda es generalmente llana con ocasionalmente alguna cuesta... ideal para excursiones largas que también permite participar a los miembros más pequeños de la familia o a las personas mayores de 60 años. Mientras que va en bicicleta por Holanda encontrará amplios espacios abiertos como pólderes, bosques preciosos, campos de bulbos coloridos, pueblos muy bonitos y villas pintorescas. En ruta hay muchísimas oportunidades de descansar en una terraza o restaurante y cafés, especialmente construidos en las zonas de descanso o en cualquier parte al lado de la carretera.
El molino es el monumento típico de Holanda por excelencia. Gracias a él la industria triunfó en el siglo XVII.Hay dos tipos de molinos característicos del paisaje holandés: molinos de agua y molinos de viento.
En primavera es maravilloso sentir el delicioso aroma de sus estupendas y coloridas flores.Holanda es con toda seguridad el país de los bulbos, los tulipanes y otras muchas especies.Se clelebran desfiles en cuyas carrozas son realizadas con un millón y medio de jacintos y miles de narcisos y otras flores. En determinadas zonas del país se utilizan únicamente dalias para decorar las carrozas. Centenas de voluntarios trabajan durante meses intentando realizar la carroza más llamativa y sugerente posible.Desde abril hasta septiembre pueden contemplarse anualmente espectaculares desfiles florales por toda Holanda.
Los quesos holandeses:historia:En Holanda la produción de queso data de antes de 400 años AC. En la Edad Media se crearon mercados diarios oficiales y pesos municipales donde se controlaba tanto la calidad como el peso del queso. Todo el queso producido provenía de las granjas en las provincias de Holanda del Norte, Holanda del Sur, Friesland y el oeste de Utrecht. Aunque la produción ha sido trasladada a las fábricas, aún quedan hoy en día 600 granjas (la mayoría en las provincias del Sur de Holanda y Utrecht) que producen queso, llamadas 'Boerenkaas' (granjas de queso). ¡Mercados de queso!Antiguamente los granjeros llevaban sus quesos una vez a la semana a un mercado de quesos cercano para venderlo. Hoy en día, el mercado de queso en Gouda y Alkmaar siguen manteniendo los mismos rituales y tradiciones del proceso de venta. El proceso de venta se realiza así un comprador se aproxima al granjero y le ofrece un precio. Este precio es directamente rechazado y el comprador se va, para volver al rato con una segunda oferta. En este momento, el granjero sube la oferta y el comprador se va de nuevo. Vuelve una tercera vez cuando por fin se ponen de acuerdo en el precio y el queso se pesa oficialmente.Al mismo tiempo el comprador utiliza lo que se denomina 'la fiesta del queso'. El golpea la palma de su mano contra el queso para determinar si los agujeros del queso tienen el tamaño adecuado. Los golpes continúan hasta que se llega a un acuerdo con el precio. Cada golpe de la mano significa que o bien el comprador ha incrementado su oferta o el vendedor ha bajado el precio. Una vez finalizado el procedimiento, el comprador examina el queso para comprobar el sabor y la edad.
Trajes tradicionales:Los trajes típicos holandeses se acompañan con zuecos y gorrito típico.Los zuecos.El elemento más famoso del traje tradicional son los zapatos de madera, es decir los zuecos. Los zuecos deben su uso a que antiguamente comprar zapatos de cuero era un lujo que solamente los ricos podían permitirse. Actualmente se producen en Holanda tres millones de pares de zuecos. Hoy en día se utilizan sobre todo para el trabajo en el campo, ya que son más calientes y secos. No hace mucho, los zuecos fueron aprobados para el uso industrial por regulaciones de la Comunidad Europea, mientras que los holandeses los llevan utilizando ya siglos. El gorrito,otro de los elementos más conocidos de los trajes típicos en Holanda es el gorrito blanco del traje de señora. Éste es conocido mundialmente y se relaciona con el traje típico de Holanda, sin embargo, se lleva únicamente en Volendam, cerca de Ámsterdam.Volendam es uno de esos pueblecitos pesqueros donde es habitual ver a las personas con sus trajes tradicionales, sobre todo los domingos.
HOLLAND By Αndriy Savchynets Kalynychenko and Sofia Del Barrio Rey
Holland is a name in common usage given to two regions in the western part of the Netherlands. The name 'Holland' is also often used to refer to the whole of the Netherlands, although this is not formally correct. From the 10th century to the 16th century it was a unified political region, a county ruled by the Count of Holland. By the 17th century, Holland had risen to become a maritime and economic power, dominating the other provinces of the Dutch Republic. Today, the former County of Holland consists of the two Dutch provinces of North Holland and South Holland.
Holland is situated in the west of the Netherlands. A maritime water-oriented region, Holland lies on the North Sea at the mouths of the Rhine and the Meuse (Maas). It has numerous rivers and lakes and an extensive inland canal and waterway system. To the south is Zealand. The region is bordered on the east by the IJsselmeer and four different provinces of the Netherlands.
Holland is protected from the sea by a long line of coastal dunes. Most of the land area behind the dunes consists of polder landscape lying well below sea level. At present the lowest point in Holland is a polder near Rotterdam, which is about seven meters below sea level. Continuous drainage is necessary to keep Holland from flooding. In earlier centuries windmills were used for this task. The landscape was (and in places still is) dotted with windmills, which have become a symbol of Holland.
Holland is 7,494 square kilometres (land and water included), making it roughly 13% of the area of the Netherlands. Looking at land alone, it is 5,488 square kilometres in size. The combined population is 6.1 million.
The main cities in Holland are Amsterdam, Rotterdam and The Hague. Amsterdam is formally the capital of the Netherlands and its most important city. The Port of Rotterdam is Europe's largest and most important harbour and port. The Hague is the seat of government of the Netherlands.
The language primarily spoken in Holland is Dutch. Hollanders sometimes refer to the Dutch language as "Hollands", instead of the standard term Nederlands. Inhabitants of Flanders and other provinces of the Netherlands refer to "Hollands" to indicate someone speaking in a Hollandic dialect.
CLIMATE AND SURFACE
Holland has a maritime climate, with cold summers and mild winters. Its average temperature during summer is 17.4 °C and during winter 2.8 °C.
Holland has around of one quarter of its surface is below sea level. Its lowest point is found in Nieuwerkerk aan de IJssel, Zuid-Holland with -6.7 metres. On the other hand its highest point is in Vaalserberg, Limburg with 323 metres.
During the middle ages most of the population was Christians but nowadays the majority of the citizens are atheistic. Despite this there is a mixture of different religions thanks to inmigration: 27% roman catholics, 17% protestants, 6% muslims, 1% hindu and 1% budhist.
IMAGE OF HOLLAND ABROAD
Holland tends to be associated with a particular image. The stereotypical image of Holland is an artificial amalgam of tulips,clogs,windmills,cheese and traditional dress (klederdracht). As is the case with many stereotypes, this is far from the truth and reality of life in Holland. This can at least in part be explained by the active exploitation of these stereotypes in promotions of Holland and the Netherlands. In fact only in a few of the more traditional villages, such as Volendam and locations in th area, are the different costumes with wooden shoes still worn by some inhabitants.